Allelopathy is a naturally occurring phenomenon by which particular biochemical compounds created by an organism have a direct effect on the development or improvement of other organisms. The action of these compounds can be either constructive, advertising the improvement of other organisms (constructive allelopathy) or unfavorable, causing a series of damaging effects on some (or all) of the organisms that are nearby (unfavorable allelopathy). The biochemical substances equipped with these properties are recognized as allelochemicals.
As a lot of of you know, these properties have been studied in botany and agriculture for decades for unique purposes. Thanks to this function, particular plants can be employed to inhibit the development of other plant species and the reproduction of insects that could outcome in a plague, substantially minimizing the use of insecticides. This is in all probability the most prevalent and widespread use amongst farmers all more than the globe. Nonetheless, there are other lesser-recognized but really intriguing interactions, like the reality that particular plants market the production of terpenes in nearby plants… some thing that could be really attractive for the cannabis grower!
Allelopathy in controlled increasing environments
Offered some plant species’ allelopathic traits, and as we’ve pointed out, it is only logical that agriculture harnesses these properties to reach each superior yields and a reduced threat of pests and illnesses. Who hasn’t noticed a row of attractive flowers surrounded by tomatoes in an orchard? They are not there to appear good! Some flowers such as the French marigold are, in reality, efficient nematodes repellents thanks to their allelochemicals. Several of these compounds (the majority, as it appears) are exuded via the roots, though they can also be exuded via the leaves, flowers and even the stems. These allelochemicals will influence the surrounding plants, fauna, and even fungi and bacteria.
Inside these substances we obtain the terpenes, aromatic compounds extensively recognized by cannabis enthusiasts. Their activity is ordinarily unfavorable, as they either retain the insects away or inhibit the germination of nearby seeds. Some examples of this that you may well have currently believed of are the pine and eucalyptus trees ordinarily, no other plants germinate below them!
For that reason, we obtain dozens of specimens that interact with the plants about them, making relationships each symbiotic (constructive) and antagonistic (unfavorable) with other plant species, and even with the fauna of the ecosystem in query. Let’s briefly see this sort of plant prior to highlighting the most beneficial ones for outside cannabis increasing.
Forms of allelopathic plants
Broadly speaking, these plants are normally divided into the following categories:
Companion planting consists of putting particular kinds of plants subsequent to other people to reach a advantage (either mutual or, at least, for some of the plants). This creates an association that added benefits 1 of the species (or each), either for the duration of germination, development or flowering. Generally, entails combining unique species that we know are going to advantage from this connection. Moreover, it manages to “recreate” the diversity of Mother Nature, minimizing the threat of pests outbreaks in comparison with other kinds of tactics, such as monoculture.
As we currently know, these plants will exude allelochemicals via their roots, leaves, flowers and stems, which will be absorbed by the surrounding plants, hence making mentioned effective association. One particular instance that is in particular intriguing to the cannabis grower is the nettle, which intensifies the aroma of the plants about it (and the identical applies to other plants such as achillea and yarrow), thanks to an improve in the production of critical oils. An alternative to take benefit of this phenomenon is Urtifer Nettle Powder by Trabe, which you can also obtain in liquid kind.
Some of the most usually employed companion plants consist of: garlic, strawberry, celery, carrot, lettuce, tomato, corn, cucumber, leek, aubergine, cabbage, marigold, pea and aromatic plants, amongst other people.
As the name suggests, these are plants that – ordinarily due to their intense aroma – repel many pests. In some instances, a distinct species will repel a unique insect, and in other people, 1 could be beneficial for many of them. These repellent properties can attain as far as 10 meters, so they shouldn’t be underestimated. In addition, and as we currently know, some plants inhibit the development of other specimens, some thing that can be really beneficial in particular instances.
Several aromatic plant species are employed to this finish, surrounding the crops that want protection. It can be mentioned that all aromatic plants exert, in 1 way or a further, some constructive influence on nearby plants, with the exception of 1 that need to be avoided at all fees: fennel. Based on the pest, and as you will see subsequent, we can use 1 sort or other of plant:
- Whitefly: Basil, marigold, garden nasturtium, sage, mint
- Red spider mite: Basil, horsetail, neem, cinnamon
- Aphids: Oregano, hyssop, basil, garden nasturtium
- Thrips: Horsetail, basil, neem, pyrethrins (chrysanthemum)
- Nematodes: French marigold, marigold
- Ants: Garden nasturtium, mint, oregano
- Snails: Garden nasturtium, hyssop
- Caterpillars: Bacillus thuringiensis
- Fungi: Horsetail
They are plants that are in particular attractive to pests, such as whiteflies and red spider mites. By becoming close to the plants you want to safeguard, the insects will immediately colonize them, which tends to make the plague a lot less complicated to eradicate than if it is scattered all through the cultivation region. An additional intriguing approach is employing plants that market the reproduction of the organic predators of the plagues that threaten your develop this way, you will be supporting a 100% organic biological pest handle.
One particular of the most usually employed plants – that could also function really nicely for the cannabis cultivator – is tobacco, which attracts whiteflies so they move away from your plants, and it tends to make their subsequent eradication less complicated.
Allelopathy in cannabis cultivation
As you have noticed, we can advantage from the properties of all these plants in order to have a healthier and much more productive garden, and above all managed in a sustainable and sensible way. In addition to the added benefits of these plants, you can save a lot in pesticides, each from an financial and environmental point of view, some thing that just about every outside grower need to take into account.
The introduction of aromatic plants or flowers like French marigolds in your crop will bring a quantity of added benefits in terms of pest prevention that you shouldn’t underestimate, as nicely as employing nettles or applying nettle powder to improve the production of critical oils. As you may well have currently noticed, allelochemicals’ properties not only can be harnessed via the living plant, often they can also be employed in kind of tea, infusions or liquid manure to apply straight on the plants.
Amongst the commercialized goods that harness these properties, we can obtain each insecticides and fungicides, and other things like Horsetail by Tabe that are beneficial for each complications. These are some of the most dependable:
- Neudorff Spruzit combines pyrethrins (chrysanthemum extract) with rapeseed oil, and it is really efficient against a wide variety of sucking insects.
- Neem (a tree native to India and Burma) also has intriguing insecticidal properties that are ordinarily employed in extract kind. Some possibilities are Trabe Neemazal and Prot-Eco BioNeem.
- The properties of garlic are also present in Prot-Eco Alliumprot, a really efficient insecticide that combines other kinds of plant extracts to additional improve the functionality of the plants. Trabe Aliosan is a further outstanding alternative.
- And the identical goes for cinnamon, which in addition to its antifungal properties, offers a excellent repellent impact against 1 of the most dreaded pests in the cannabis garden, the red spider mite. Merchandise like Prot-Eco Cinnaprot are primarily based on it.
- The caterpillars, which can be a true curse when the plants are prepared for harvest, can be prevented with goods primarily based on Bacillus thuringiensis, such as Trabe Cordalene, which can save you a terrific disappointment when you assume you have completed increasing.
- Ultimately, goods such as Bio 16 Trifag by Prot-Eco or ATA Organics Take Care, are primarily based on effective fungi such as Trichoderma harzianum, in addition to other bacteria and microorganisms. They are normally employed to protect against root fungi that can kill the plants in a handful of days.
In reality, when you acquire nutrients or additives primarily based on plant extracts, you generally are taking benefit of the allelopathic added benefits from the plants employed, ordinarily as distinct biological activity boosters and to maximize the final yield.
Is marijuana allelopathic?
We have noticed how the cannabis plant can advantage from the allelopathic properties of other vegetables, but… does cannabis influence other plants? Given that we know that terpenes are portion of the allelochemicals group exudated by the plants, and that cannabis is a significant producer of these aromatic compounds, the answer appears logical. On the other hand, the influence that the marijuana allelochemicals can have on other plants does not finish with the terpenes.
A study carried out in 2015, showed that an extract of sprouts of Cannabis Sativa L. inhibited the lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) seeds germination method. The identical test was performed with an extract of the roots with unique final results: even though mentioned extract didn’t appear to have an effect on the germination price of the lettuce seeds, it stimulated the stems and roots development. An additional study employed leaf leachate of cannabis female plants on Parthenium hysterophorus specimens (usually recognized as Santa Maria feverfew), and it was noticed an crucial reduction in the biological activity of the plants treated, which exhibited a reduced germination price, reduced weight, and much less pigment content material.
These are just two examples of how our beloved plant can also influence other vegetables thanks to the allelopathic properties of its allelochemicals. It seems, nonetheless, that this action is reasonably weak and ordinarily restricted to the suppression of some competitor plants. The allelopathic action of cannabinoids and terpenes appears to be much more connected to the protection of the seed till the following spring, than to the protection of the plant in itself assume about it… the plant dies, components of it fall to the ground, and as the matter rots it releases cannabinoids and terpenes which, on the 1 hand, inhibit the germination of other plants and, on the other, safeguard their personal seeds from insects, bacteria or viruses… a master program!
We hope that we’ve encouraged you to go about your subsequent cultivation project in a much more efficient and environmental-friendly way your plants will be really grateful, and your surroundings as nicely.